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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, May 1921"

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I§tllpws_t_Qna__. NATIONAL PARK 

File No. 

Monthly Report, 

May 1921. 








• mat* of 

Tfe* foi. 



• *«. : 4i „ 

noma).* ##r« XI 





of the £•*• flo^ar**. fei * mo. nelte* 

at 6 turn, of tie 29th hut 1.0 lash t-* i.fciod on the 

I 4A1 2he * ind sores* 


from U* suuthwest on the 21st* 

f i-u SJ> 

rfO«iVv o of possible, 43, is 

ll SSaAi OeU 

o , 

I eoatim*tlen of tho temperature eelev 
aas preelpitatioa ibovo normal toads to Kola 
to opeuii*: of sprUff # clearing ro*4s of snow, 
fcitf watsr la streams. Proving ooasmions on 
I t hoea aaao le t t ; --U..CV r f a^ii to she 
aouat of sx>lsture 9 and a fine erop of 
faro, o Is ensured* raieiors la adjoining states aro 
hopeful of «i aaoeJlent or 

I Sl/? SMAUWStOr 1 of 

laasaal of has*? snow foil i *i» 24 hours Is 
un^ocoaoutoU vur ^, &• s*1fM of Uo B)tt>. hrs** 
off saaay 11 ibs of trees at F< aac^artors f bat other- 
rise nu s. oijj la sji ■ i u.#u« aaos I M ooni lit 

rt> ,d». reel it ioa 1 ■ is Ifcssj Is rar, seuc 'ic« i 
to tho raises e It 
lato the soil* 

4?h« usu 
shoveled oat oa I 
utilities assist* 

»now bo las o a Pali 
suff leleat'j.».' so t 

sao t s) p ' - 

ios of tho pablio 
m* %y Eoy 18th the 
i Kerris had salted 
; Mai asjl sa her s# 

rd SO 

sa lotfc • ..' i I 

% Ha oai sf 

» I >st 

I I on asrO | I 

- 2 

nsltis* rapldl.,-, sad tt* roads were sai^ ai* 
travel mi restrict* to light ri~» that were 

1/ n ooo imy so as to sot* ruttliw; the 
•oft placer sad eaesla* luch dame**. **/ tits 
*-• W ia hUstLsj MM ds. - drifts in . iv ai 
/ass with M t so as to 1 * su *sa up sad 
facilitate t* sir «elt1s«« 

M kf ltu : ■ Ssswei : v , s,ody to tela 
Lsd*e, tad on U* fleUowlag -jcirals^ caao Int > the 
par. via the sast eatraase* walsad over tl.e saov 
tern*.) the Pass for esoat sevaa ill s, where I 
was ast fcy a oar aas ease ia ts lis waste wit* 
« iff leal*. 

owed the «esd trm * the oast 

oatraaao iewWfUf asaajr mA had), retted up e> 

traffic. I as4o a easeful lessee ..^ soa- 

ditlsas throne* ths pass aad found ths dyasjultls* 
■uos^ fi4ly t Ihr swlap; of ;»4 sasw 

whore II ia a located that it doss ast throw 
t, it loosens it up so it will aslt fast***. 

fra\ 4t Hny wao be* s usual* 

B*e truYoi sy ontrti isco aas as followst 

swsrwa, 44 Lec 

est, 7 17 

Jotel, ■ 141 

i*r* ^tisTf & 

/or t>e same »ricd la i/,o, sat tf 
ant red us para, an laaroaee far ti is year of 129, 
She OLisf aider's Uo y t 

. sai for is/. l*20 t for coup 

Lehorrs are Tor aaA assy oca 

are oat of work catlrsl/. £vea raaehers I 
vioini wj eaporlease as o If io * ths 

help the/ want, s pa/ ins; Vut ;40 t 

hoard and lodging, stiles in Is- than hal .n«; 

- 3 - 

MA to paj ] i)^ wu >ther 11ms 

«'•* la too •««• proportion a* llvt,< 
inaeo U ooaaeetlea i ti. ramoh work represent a 

week lar*er pom on of tea totJ pay, Moofcaaloo 

i ravine »» ** too im ./a> >- 

fore, b v * neve oroourlnf 

tbolr eervloea, rloo* of all kinds of au nll<j8 
uro k ood al ii j aotleeaety lower fro ; cwnUi to smth. 


Oa liv *•*# ■***■ were 11% employee on 
duV » J ofrioe, ui fcuon inert,*, ed om 

t 00 137. 

Jbe ft Hot sbovo u.o avatar of 

i o jpoint- 

<*>ntn 9 .it* a ot afco aant In geaoral 
of the kind of nork la aaleh U .ay *ero on^oU, 

1 sot. nflueer 
ft Qleraa 

In oharfa of angina er lag work 
la A* jurfc. 

«? <yn% And \ur- 
a aa a ln n; Clerk; 1 on oost ujc 
aork an* t^« l etaaograpaej 

^TPlot on on or*, pro 
twoL n f aid -. «?lni-.; la 
Inform m tl • 

keepings 1 
•tonograpfelo -ork j* i i a. 

a trie lane 

ft Fori 

i t did booo: -/-«r. line 
*ark« and o/ r p d enaer p] nt 

, ineludiir, 3andv •• 

qaarter ring tenia and 

himootff 1 repairing anrln,:} r 
it 1 on road ..Irnw^-oe. 

1 feUgmph Operator ad reaelved all Oov r-nent 

a Us oi ne sea u0t o or ted 
one ol;lft on t v. hone ewltoM 

ielaptena &*itea- Operated loliaUm 
a* P ">*' t>», iae^ 

- 4 - 

U aaat • 
dn to 
»u 17. 


a utr 

*0 *a11a* Mtb 

1AT ^Ul «4 Ojq*ll*A9 

U c Bf*i 

l» •« n.«<«L, 

Mi nlw i > 

••, «* itnui 

*um or all imjptrwti^ 


W rUo >*r«. 


: v, rMo * r, 1 U 

ore <» 

.4. mo 

te ••. JTO ftf 

. r-« 

almHU v«r *i 

U* l,>4l't:|[ M*AT 

ko ^rl/ f»t*»lA dtfUf ■ 

c «a#* of AfTiM, 


tail la 

- 6 - 

1 Chief Ranger 

1 1st ast.Chief Ranger 

1 Aest. Chief 

13 P.jtk ila 

V I f | ivn 

In charge of raqger force. 

In charge of nort rn dis- 

In oharge of a en the rn dis- 

;harge of ranger stations, 
doii*? patr l , and con- 

structing cabins; 1 on 
duty as Acting 

assisting in Chief Racer's 

In charge of fumaees at head* 

In addition to the regular employees listed above 
uxk i nag laiMMf lis ro laving wi employe! taaper ril, 

af u« ■ • -^y s 



Skilled Laborers 
2-H Teams t r 
4-* Tei 


-■' ■ ■ 













During May, aanaal learns of absence were granted 
as fOllowst 

San P. oodring 9 

Ktl Bang* 

Carrie 0. Haanessa 

* f tenog.-.' 


Nellie Roaefa, 

Telephone Operator, 


• J. O f Lo«ghlin, 

-:itol -m, 

law L« Bioket, 


t*ffc Dustnan, 



J. . . > .dsley, 




Laborer , 


He Hie Roach, 

Jele 1 vie Operator, 


'-K 7 

• May 7 

- Kay 7 

• May I2(noon)-13(noor 

- Hay 14-15 

- * 11 

- Bay J£ 

-hi In, .ataman, 

a V* fcelfcmajfl, juafcerer, * -^ 14 (noon} 

andel, Zele&raph Operator, . ^ 14 

• . oiAugnlin, Part Baage?, (aoo»)-l»-« 

• • 1 -;$ay 1-5 

ale :.M*MgiJl», fttffc Jianger, -^ 24taooaM7(*ieen) 

Hey »• ****** le i^wln, ., 1^ i . . 

Msy 20 1 Ira 9, vie ■•UiupJt -SutsBuffalo AOtttja- . 

fey 16s • . flame*, *st« ingiu^er, 

J 4m H, mP on nl i t &ast« Buffalo Keeper, 12*) >♦*• 

Hutch iufes, 88 t. Buffalo Keeper, resisted, eft'eetWe 
at eiose of Mftjr 1 

xii« on emnjm&t 

juiw se*9*eted wmMm Ifcls ifftee ti ■■in..- Ma n%u* 

fc* Yellowstone *'ark Oaaps Company eo*eleted the 
B>>y« f Camp Uitit»at Omp BMmtU, c< nsletU* of ooil 
House 24 z 40 feet, ^plaoe, conerete ewtMlag 

pool 20 x 40 fet>t, iuul 8 ta/it houses* was be&u* 

last fall* i?Me Oosjpsje/ 

launa>; &t &**netli taq*e f 2taio new stean laundry la a x>del 
of its kind, and iias teen passed upon ay am export as <mo 

42 aa>at modem laundries la the MM State a, 
vaaaUttity is all e, eaeh unit feeing run \< a 

separate el ee trie oi»r, V entrant furnidied £ro*s our 
power jOant* It has a eaoaei v quite sufficient to handle 
all of the aerie of tfa* Oenos Cemoan# rwi all its tir.isn<#at 
esaps in ttae park* 

On lay 3th a eras la charge of /overran ess started 
froj heeaUuarU'rs »t KMMflh •»* *h* lane* Biver ts tail! see 
trutaes em the triage, erne OeaJn ad erases that 

stream, k eaup 011 snide near 3eede Creex for t*r© d^a, 
wails the erew shoveled snow fro 1 the ro*d tetasai -Le twelve 
emd fourteen aile post** -v 7tfa, tbo read 

the oanp nee nered to a pi r the aixtwon mile 

swot, .*«-• the* remalne* v Uth* c . 

tiribura for tl* bridge, then *»▼** on and eetaMlehed 
a mmp et tho toid-o site. 

< t^ yi >, onob 60 foot iii luit.-th, mm 

fV**** f **« 16 i 

bri<fe* &et cl,i> structure Alto the oU tztteeee 

M *e removed at* the »dw on* * « worn 

uka on tho bridge woro ^plaowtl with nw u *^,« t and 
the too leg erib piere *e~o refilled wiu 

She on*c me oompleteii &%. She average 

en toe Joe eon* 1* to* of fbreann, oook, 1 teameter, 
4 onto* ,-a. 

2he r un g o r fbree built * new root eell*r # of 
emll dtaanelone, in coiwctio.. dm ~ -* station. 
Snatae EiT» ii a fenee wne built eaol^lng about 

«aree ua n 
fenee en iupine Oreo*, eneloolng obont *oo aoree, van 
put in repair oe a pa* a hwraea at KeaeV 

quarter a* 

(d) gftrytoff W fihl it.lQt 

?h»re being bat fen Tlaiooro 9 this feature 
did not reeniTO au*h attention* Aw fow who viol tod the 
Infum-vticm Offioe were iv«n pert oireulare and eooh 
epoolal odTftoo and aoelo ton o o an nma prentloable. 

yellowatone Information Cireulare di. 

uer parka, $Q 

wnpfelets a. ,•••••< ... 1 

!?• 0- 

(a) Qoaetrantlon of ghwalpml 1— «™-^i:«. 

Mono in p*o r« a onoept mi rope ted under other 

(*) »&lntonoinm and A«n»li> of itoaiaal Itorovoaonta. 

,;onnlra» ft» orew nnder jtorens&n 
iterroll owutlauofl wort earla nenth aatrdl^ repaira to 

tho road eprinStUnt; ojratoau erer a w*ro ln«t 

and old onto ealfeed end aade nw4jr to hold witter, /Iojku 

dltonoo that • u-ry wat«r t U» *u • 
oloaaad of dobrlo aid »*«o w. . 

?hU crow iIm day >tod fl*o days to 
ra«la ti « ol .v i * building opposlta tho 'Boc 1 Wo f 
tfhl* liad boO<*» dllH^ldntod Mi 

:bo awr** trow for tho outfe aao fo 
oook, 1 toa n f 1 to««t r f 2 k> »,:h anrpnatora, Mi I 

labor r«. Iho oa»T> aao loo: 0% Spring* 

until aar *>**• *•■ OT«i lo ill oa - . 

!*■ Croa» ,ant fog H HiliiTf ?>'• • '»* 
la ol ap o of roitu iking ropalrn 

to tho Wi<l mad or 14 ;oi 1 it forott oa»nr«, 

ooatlnuoo thut work thru « | oath. • -oo< 

fUlod log oHb, tltaaood about 1/4 alio oaat of tho 
pork llao oa tho loft bonk of ork of too 

▼ or t oa ahlab work bogan Ji, amo 

ooaaloood May IX th. ?ho olao of * orlb U 100 foot 
loaf t • foot -Hcio t and 7 foot > lga, laoido aaaauraaaaU 

th, gaa^ral road 
aao par ora>4| too road ama jiadnd, grarol hauled 
to fill rato and ooft plaooa, aad a saabor af aaall polo 
oalvorta oousw o ,«i. o oaap aao a oood to a 

point aaar fifty llo J io roado U that Tloialtar 

id aad aao arnlro foot nn polo hrldga aad 
LI polo oafcrarto bui a ouaa aaa 

to Uhay I • omot aa* llao. 

aftor onUdag road aad hrldrro ro> 

on i^ 27ti t -o iou <v~* I tin u. al . lviai 
• t of tho aaath V 
aaow aad loo la tho bl drifts. 

abo arow t onU> ooaalotod of 

oook, truok driy % 4 afcillod laborer o, 2 taaaaMrc, 
toaait and 1 oo noti labor oro. 

m aroa la obnjgo of 
ana Conohan, . od ti « rorl Mat 

oruohlng and haul la* roak on tho road along tho 
KlTcr, about oao i I tho Oar diner oatranoo, oon- 

tinned tit I *ork on til Hoj i-th. Duo to bad nonthor 
oaadltlono aad oa.lno trouble on tho Cat I Praetor, 

whloh oanmiiod powor to ran iho oruebero, 
pr a ff oco aao ado. o&> cubic .xdo of 

omohod roo d haulooTon^ro roJU .ve 

rook was ■..r^dTto a ieptt Of aaNt looi.uo aal t*o re «?*.!? 

la grarell&tf 

Road, *dao 01* 
c^uahor joA tiovliv: t* 

y 20tu tut aJNHjo w&a TOtived t 
abera It ranulnoo >th* 1*11* a i*o?tioa 

af tha a*-«*r ^iiod frrw#i on U» r«*A to via 
an* 4 t*awa aad 4 naa vatfod on tha oli vatar *u 
rasanrolr 9 al*.uiin.r tha tad aad rarat*tlatt f*o?* tha 
batto . 

'ilm or«*.. wua 1 t pi vfl MAM iati on 
tfttfc t .*»<* th^y raaaiaad tha m sua* 

haullny gmf*l fro Ihi U . taa Mi flat to MM 

Uor «%irt«or t true 
»*aa %»mmt*r 9 1 grado*- 


aad attar obatriatlona, oloartag out aaov» and la 
pairing afcort fcraa*a la tha road aawd «y vaahou; 
aad :a»a /lag tha talaphona 11m e 1 

and mar ad f/01 aa old alto loat *onth *aa rafeullt 

* bain? aaoplatod 
tha MtftlM if MtaiMM ilMI li N aavit Mt ftM 

Haad«jiu<r t ra« 

fha Vu folo 00 *8 a»ra4 for tht fcn* terd oa 
v«r f *nd aid ragtalr aarfe on ftraaaa at-> a« 

Oaa Irrigator ,vas oqolayad tha antl-.-a -arath at tha 
Lanar £aaah to .•.-*?. « aaalatanft feat* 

taadaaa thera aatorad and 
uod ti<e r* tlna to olaarlng ap tha laeadoaa 

and tauclag * Itfht tap**** waft r; a aaa 

floar la tha *tMu«, .-to. 

- h 

of tho Xftfum* *co an 

of laqulr !••• "...? of ei Li dayo wmo liAt a&d 

•peolttoa* M ami an 

the «um*«. 
▼aluabia data m otttd, aot only oa taooo ©tit o«?ft« 

but tl»r-.iu-rli » it tho FMt Of tO .i41lUt HotoO WOTf) ;ri wm 

,#0 aattaoorlpto wor eparod* md photograph llluo- 
trat* >ni *oro aoourod 

oootioao o * vara Mario 

for aioe.t.o O inaoocs. I octal OtJdl • of i* 

aad plamto woro aomi at of work «ao 

dono ladoxla* boo** la tb* ir- 

saod by hUi rooaltod la hit aotoo oa Soaaoa Caajojr*o ana 
Baturul . hoaofooao» aa oabodlod la this <■» on. 

*4riltloti u> tfio above, M opMlal 
b^ ocsiur £ fcbo Pom u» rlatoamo lo 

oo at Hoadou*rtoro oorral, aad 1 
onployod at Roadquartoro, oarod 1 r tho horoao fcapt I 
ao wall aa thooo m *> otatl >aft ->*t r .ui ores la 

aula* » .n*o*« aad o.aar tuliKont ooanootod 

•UjTila-- iUli t fciOA WOflC 

of haullat farbago and oloorlug §vo udo. aovad hoary 

*»at to and from tho oho a to bo ropalraa, 
goaeral aofit oa tho gr&aao m d aro^ad Hoaaqoart 

ffco luubloK Mi «oa buoy with gou ral 

HiaiMMoM M looldi ploJdbUti laotalloi *-ii*:i> o us 
la Yitlv o aa aorth and of amt ■ at * ro- 

> arud oprlii, lvr pipe* In vicinity of hoaduuartoro: co- 
palrod «•« aad a aosploto now pluming t 

000 InOfex; led la U ri;V / 

I palatoro pa In tad 2 t •. 

of gaaoilno tanka, aad proparod palat una 

lOOatoo OS obi « 

roada* noall Job* repainting «adl oal<<3 

era pi -of o :in*i *oeo at Boadqaartora 9 re- 

plaeod brofeen glaoa la 0*1 indoor a* aad palntac 

aaaber of *i do, traila* n«ooo &o t aad 

guldanc ■*• 

oa i ot etoel flarotar. idoaartoro and 

tho otafi'* 

Bl*c-,g:i» / .'- i II horses ^it shod for the 
rancors, bu.c.-a^ f.n.i f t> I a*mpm 9 boadoaartora h-<jru 9 

aad tho bay raaom* Hi bolt. ^40 M 

aofa nado for tho ui ;*r Ivor BrldffO, and i^pal wd 

dooa for cl.o plambor aad oa plovto *»Kono f roi >or 9 

truo^.o 9 aad aa d* 

I - 


4rtng oat and putting In 

a a* Builo 

sore one, making acw * ,- wll $ 

timbers for the Lunar River Brl<* 

jtemti Hepalred an* wertoad on fee Allowing 

e *r*i 2 oigatil ,V jsks, tudsftaker 1-tes 2- 

v- o i v l*« U c r. hit. >-p*esesj r sen ..•£;-• o r« 
Reo ;>ton trunk, .ad the Doctor's and 

oars. Also little a ,g .>. od # and lea *d 

gasoline and oil as r* lr*d by the v trunks and 

She eleetri 
t Headquarters in »epalr 9 and* kw inet us and 

rapl n a niMin te wfce © require* | a »w power lino tram 

the plant to the :** j.ioth C**sp to famish power to the ^ 

essj lauiair., tsjjtaMsi b 4 , ||sj fjsajg |sfl ay c si "Sji U ti 
the old building renently cOTiwrted into a bunk house at 

Sue power plant was ran about 2< daily, and 

generated dur lag the Month 12, SOT kllowa.t hours of 
currant. Of u Hlon, l 9 99i kilowatt hoars were 

sold to pablie utilities opsr 

for lighting sad power purposes, 469 kilowatt hours for 
ltehtine streets, uid the balance of 10,426 fcilewatt 
hoars ware assd for lighting Govern-ient buildings and 
furnishing newer te oar sh . ea* load of 40 

kilowatt ho *rs occurred at 9*00 x»»iu ea May 22nd. 

Mitel Mm alfft .vat c parted fet dice Greek, 
which occurred daring Hair wail* the snow ems aeltiag la 

. Lake Valley, Qoa«L< arable difficulty was experienced 
ia iceeping recks and debris out of the flame lead in 
the reservoirs, Zeds required the ate u extra 

ana for nearly tee weeks, working under the direction of 
the eleetrJ 

?he meadow at the Oardiaer entrance was Irrigated 
emee daring ','.ay* > cots for a fine stand of gr&ss 

are excellent. 

JIotwwmi* iff ^* vwiuvg* 

In a ditioa | Camp Kooserolt and ths 

Uassneta Laundry mentioned under a previ ns heading, the 
Yellowstone ?ark Camps Company painted the Eaaeo 

- 12 - 

thrill out, «A aade a an* oo ini o u 
system to i pUot of a aafeeohlft eoimeetion 

hereto ' *o la use* ffeey alio put up a ft/* a*. 
tents at Kawoth, eontlnued the e<*rtee of rngu 
meohiuiiea 02 >rk of a* y* : their motor 

in vho Tari >ue oar? 

-toa ferae** itb 

paean tie tlr<s f to their fwiit eejelpaas*, *nd 
itqptti Bhlnaee f< ml Leal s Itoftv stenaanfl aoftos fa* 
Motor tranofior 

2he transportation Company oomtianad the 
war* of ra «md overhaul ?nj» i*o notor trans- 

portation* *% ob laol4i><»o repaint: 

Sia Betel O—fiov aomtUued the ear* of ra- 
the lnt the Cottage Hotel for an 
roes' dormitory * and made excellent pregre ■ 
built «n < Ul »n to the oouta end of tho 
euildi*- a 

wit: the oalanea of the buildin** efcie ie aa artii 
0— tmljlamllj < s o:4 i«?<i b r; •• s%ort • « »i 

la small erew of 
■em to aa, on X te in ,0 eeaatruet a paver lino 

■ Oaa/om Kotel to hie store ao t**t he aaa any 
eleetrie Oar v/ for 1 

hie etc -*• T > e* aleo h«ve a gasoline tan* to Inst 

• • • 
Bus In and se^an the worlc of oompletln tl e adi 1 ties 
hie eto. e there, itMtr tie) jjlaaa approved oairuar^ 7 9 
1921* Ha ie aleo ooatinuln the *ark oa hie new store 
at Lake 0«tlot,*ith a view to opening it up *eout the 
eafiaainff of tho ee 

• <• i'*yor, aaager of t lo 

Kop, returned e/ and hae a few employe ee clean- 

ing a*> the oreaice e and making sli fct repair e and in- 
areparaeoiy to the opening of the season* 

tea email erawa entered H the latter part 

of lay end went ta taa Lak» ana tho Canyon to ant and 
deliver woed to taa Betel Company for aeo at tha aotole 
in tha a,jpcr p*i*« 

In * it ion to wane \ ogam as mentioned under 
ptrevio <• aaaaUa e # the park ranger ferae eegnn the ere* 

- IS - 

of a rmii smb-ftatioa f> ~ ope** t lorn of fish ab 

li Lexe no r oda Butte .1, i* eeepe rat lorn 

the United bureau »f /tsiieri ■ wfileh 0? v 

• park. During l*y t anaor t> ;ion of 1st 

sfl stunt irK Banter Harry "rliium^ assisted 

by Hanwara frame tt, Anderson, 1« 9 end lewi.-*. a 
sabs tan tisl lee; emlldln*, la alio 14 x 24 feet, ami 
aamstreeted ox lo« cut . arby. >ns wails of tiia 
bmildln* are •• •" fit**. Opamlsjre amra b en ton 
3 »Utow aaa 1 door. tae roof pains rv to aama ox- 
toad od 4 feet beyond the an din* at one 
end, N m to f in a poroh. The buUdla* Is ready 
far the foof 9 dears, and wisdom. Jhe plans alas oam~ 
template a aooo a d lay bnlldinj, so as to pro* loo a 

Idlax tor hatehor, pmrpee s 9 and amatber for 11 in>; 
quarters for o o ten* angled U aoUeatlir fish eg 
as a part of tats wane sad fart of tne •spams* s will 
be borne by *e Ur.ttod ,iem* aaa 

soasalota plans will sat bo nmtared until its re?. 
aemtmtlwea bare had am •pnejrb*Uay to go ova* 1% amd 
doalda Just what la 

VI. -V : a c, 

la add It en to tie oarc smmi 

ad mow U profa-res dloni ;. Is 

Mo arow estanllsaad at OoMem Oa a oj 
lm trawollas the mads t Tlolnl -„ will ooati 

tint war* until abamt /ana lOta, nana It is proposed bo 

ix of tiio taaam for road work la urta of the 

passu 7aa baa troelcs amd two baana left oa ti* jab will 
inue ffroweiia? the road aarass damn Late Plat amtll 
Jal^ I 

it Jttaa Tta, a o ew of 10 team amd baa taaam 
ba taken to Demrawan rasa* where taay will be*>j 
work of i at si i ting amd « tarn aaow from u e read* 

It Is nxpoebed that this araw .111 antra tarn rsvss opam ts 

irawel by Jama list. 

lb* araw amridn* amdar re mama Per # u w \ L 
baa wane af tarmla* baa wabar Uto tha sprinkler 
ply ta/ika afcfan it is pi a mod to bare .-eeoV by -he 
of tf e semen* Jane 20tn« Lfbar /an* 
araw will begin waking penaiiisiit rapaira and additions to 
tha sprinkling m/sjamme a member of now esjua will ba in- 
stalled, old iliu up Is earn lth naw f sad tha wi 

n oriuw inner Pmsajsam ebb rill e-ftbliiii. 

- 14 - 

aul >a nb t Ju o 3rd. /ran that point taay 
four arldgoa la that vicial^ — **. vrror tha 
aibfcon I Tor, ono ajauj Li* :<di *>n iv«.»- f and ono ffan 
Baa ?im Oroo tor tho bridge ■» .-o ctaa and about 

Juno Ola, tha crow will bo tranaf*rr*ad . ©pair 

ana* U j • 

*aa aow ondor Far nana <hlto 
road rapaira U tfta Kaat Jfamat Baaorro will 
thora aatll about Juno *th, wt on thay will bo 
Sylvan Paaa at ranaoo u o 

bjut Jaao 12tl* another arow of about ton 
will bo tomb iato tho raaa Iron taa Luan aioo to aaalot 
la reanwinf * h * «•* ■ 

t Jiao ltta, tro aprlnklor and anall 
amlntaannoa aro. on aant omt to thalr mapootWo 

atationn to barlu tbo aoaaoa*a *or of aprlaiaiaf and 
Maintaining tbo raada oa tbo Loop* 

Plana for tho parte rang or foroo aontoaplata 
tho toting ay of about 40 bony rary r .itjara fbr wr. 
*uty «** »» l«*lu tana to thalr Tortou* na aai 

out loo 9 whloh laaluda ftra patrol a, lafarmntloa auo 
fuiit ocnriaa, oheakln*: aatoanbiloa at amtraaooo, and 
rogulatl rk trarfla, patrolling roada and 

famntlona, and cnfbralan; P**' rnfalationa la gaaoral. 
Padlaaka ham boom proou od and all aaowaboo aablaa 
will ba pat la ordor and lookad ap for tho amaaor. 

On* of taa aoat tapartant Job» wuloh taa 
roagin foroo la to attaapt aaaa la tho olaarlng oat 
of fallaa tlmbor aad ankin* can Ira aa aootJod, 

to tho raaay nilaa of * alio la na* la taa par*. Ono or 
taa of taoaa wUl roqutro taa aarwlaaa of a npooinl araw 
af aaa ua to tao faat that tha »c will bo hoar/, 
thay haTa not boon alonrad out for aaaa yaara, but thia 
will aot ba at to pt»d until rftor July lot. 

Tha poraanant ranfaro at Canyon will a lat la 
out ting oat a trail far about baa alia a alan* tha aoata 
rial af tho Orand Canyon* dawa tha rivor from artlat 
/olnt, ambling walking partlaa fraaj tha hotola aad aaapa 
to ffo that nana farthor than thay nawo doaa aofo a. 

2hm aaual ahow hard of buffalo Wall ba trough t 
lata Baairniantrt about Juno 18 Uw 

All aonae. ai uara ara oa tho ground, 1 bo 

at an oarly data 9 tanking oxtoaaUo praparati ua to tako 

- 16 - 

of tho travel on tho wpoft 

Jho So r them aolfio 
supplied additional lo;« at the aardlaer oatraaoa. 
U Wild las » sheltiM* vor the portion of a 
apposite the pasecnger «•*>©* leading pi, 
train posnongsrs osn bo lo ded in the park 
without getting out in the rain. 

A Mall trow will go over tha whole park and 
•loam up the amtasjobile oam ; * f and too a su ly 
of wood to at hand for travelers. It U contemplated 
stationing om mm poraanaatly at the four big < »t of 
these oaaps, namol^, at Itssjasth, Uppor laslm, Laks, 
and Canyon, where hundred of campers stop mw+rj nl*ht, 
to coop tho ampo oloan and attend to tho wants of 

Ono of tho most Important pioeos of worv to 
be aeeompllshed at Headquarters during Ju a it tho 
eompletlon of tho rooms in tho stoma baahel >r quarter* 
for use as a Juscura aid Infer** tlon Off loo* fhoro io 
itlll oomsiuerahle oarpamtor work and planking to 
finish. It is t* bo painted thro^hcut, now celling 
lights installed, and show aasoo and aommtors for ais- 
placing- spsolasns, fl<vwers, etc., and for use of tha 
clerks, to bo built. ueh o iiibits as aro awallable 
aro also to bo praparod by tho Park naturalist and ln- 

Zt will also bo necessary bo taka up 
aidltlomal olorks rbr the work during tho busy port of 
tho season, iddit! nal Kolp will have to bo procured 
for tha switchboard sad power plant so as to <vo 
service for lozfter hours, lisay signs now being made by 
tha painter must bo pat up, and tho plumber will turn 
om tho water at tho main amtoaobllo oampe, and is 
making plans to sxtouA thosa swaps smarm uooassary «td 
build esse or t*o maw onos shore most needed. 


The order prohibiting fishing in Baohler I;is- 
triott whloh has boon in effect for about a yasr 9 was 
rosolaiad by ulreular 3, tog 1 , ltel, whloh throws epos 
tha Falls .Ivor Basin up to tho si Iff* of tho Uadison 
and tttahstemo Plateaua and Jssamtaln so and Pre petition 
Creaks aoath and wast of tho Aurysville road; ft 

r proper, above tho gorge, all ith a limit of tarn 
fish per per* en per day. a oopy of Circular Ie« ft is 

- It - 

Till. OOW 0*Qx>K&UlGK 9 

Shis feeediqg wiU be ooverod 'hy the Coat 
of one import, vfeioh will he ferwarded a* toon a* 
it em he eoatploted. 

The gmwnC of all wild aaiMls 

during ^r «s ex&ellent. JOt, d# r t aatelope t 

and sfeeep, viiixt r*i ,« j 0Sfi# ^ i^ 

their pre treat tine 

hi ■ 

_ herd of hsffalo 
grased during tie noutfc on Spootem KUge near the 
Buffalo Kaaofe. Shore w ,nrt 44 ^ung $alT«8 
herd at the **& of the mouth, am iaer^se of tl 
sinoe tho report for v*>ril. me latter part of the 
month the water la tho Xaimr Biror wan Tory 
a few of the young dalree were drowned in trying to 
or » it. The earaassee of six wer* >a the 

rirer baiike# Ehis taurd is la out conditio*. 

1*fce usual xns^er of bail* will be teov^bfc into head- 
quarters a&out Ju<* 18th far eacbieiti . 

Mri.Hi.Atf ftWJt Duo to high «MN it ma 
iwpo aible to got Y«ry olo * to this her* daring the 
,»uth. 2hqi were seen onoe at a dlstfnea and three 
9 •alwee flera aoted with a hard of 23 huffalo. 

Jfig£ls Bo&re we.*e la erideae* in all parti 
the parte and caused eonalderahle trouble in sea* of 
our oe whlah were not occupied* breaking in 

af tar food and doing; eeaeiderafcle ter 

Heat all ef the catelepe hare moved 19 
la apparent!.) excelled 

£tfi£i * tmt i*er CttU remain la the vloialtv 
hcsjdfQArtere 9 a»& one torn had teen aote then. 

■vi other sataals, *o*t 
frequent the vicinity of headquarters hare moved Vaak 
to their suwasr grasla gr and*. 

ftlkt loot of the elfc hare aleo awr*d hack to 
their tamer rsafe v hut thore are still a few hanging 
ascend In the violai v of hcad$uartere» Several were 
a ea the plain la front of our office aa late as 
20th. 17 elk which wintered at the Buffalo Corral* 

17 - 

at Jsnanota, liwra V,w raUlMA there so they can be 
soon Igr War! sis • 

J Ho report* vera rose ved on 
a untain sh or the ttttnth as the^ had moved 

baak and no patrols wore nada near their sura or rai 

lirMllW* 2ho.<*e it an abuadanoo of grass in all 
parts of tha park and the prospoots for olentj of v 

food for next winter weso never totter. 

Durio^ oho early part ot the month i 
waa food iii .most of the otr ana In the park, sad con- 
siderable fishing was Indulged in ay loaal residents* 

aura roaaatly tha water has aaaeus nigh in all 
t) o otroonm and thore is out lUtlo fishing* 

M YilontUad if offf* 
rtod daring taa month of :Jay. 


lo forest fir as o car rod in too park or in 

its inner late violni V nariaj taa aoath. 

importance wore reported* 

Dootor . • Croaronak, who famishes _**•«-» 
service to park aaployeoe andor spooial • ■ ■ ■■ aa 

with taem, reports that bo vuue 67 aalls during taa 
month of :jd/« 

Jroranan Uaaaaaa saaama inaapaaltatod on aa- 
oonat of a aararo attaak of itiUaay trouela and is still 

in tho hoepital, I loo aprla*»« whera ho want far an 


One #aso of sfmall-pom ooeurred, mlroajfr taa 
on* Jest of a special -opart* datod 'Wo/ Slat. 2his aaso, 
and tho two man who wo a aoaoaiatad with tho 
are still in stria t qparantlfto on *ha old tamjrat 
tho aoath of Oar dinar r.ivare 

Hr« Jaox H. Hurray* who was employed as a 
itorarale naohaaia in 1920, returned during Ay to re- 

- 10 - 

for tho i»mar. R« wu tafeon ill, 

with tuboro-il >* ...,• iio, sjsj sftlf a V 
tm days* *ov< re i lino a was Obliged to seok a 
low aiUfcuda. 

Aa §£ pound isssjhtor, Gladys iao, waa / 

torn to llr* and sirs* Hay x Orty on % 1) 

Laura Jao f /oishin* » lho*, .> 
mo horn to Jir. sad :&•** 3«r - nans*, on 'to 

24th. * 

tfoolusUo. and 
Mr. 3ra> U *» assistant U tho olaafcsmith 

?ao following notes on natural 
U tho Pork won* funis bad »y Far* Bat oral 1st 

i^snoth Bot Spriest lluo Spring (tho 
loir ***% fumishos vactr to .Tapiter ?orraoo) it 
still lnor using silently in activity, whllo tho 
ipftm U *ti ■ HI mhbIm IN ix © ■ ismt a«M*i 

Tho i Jupiter Tor rasa la still improving sad 

ooctoadiaff fturthor to tho * *th. :4arbls Zorraoo is ho- 
••"•In* InoonopioQOu s , #sl Jsrraoo Is not as 

an We is It 4a:. last aoath, 1; la J*st as beautiful, 

uit no ro on. 2ho jphsnt is ,rutty root tho 

smo .* IsYtMstth, Ue MM s, BSf si 1 j^/;vi, 
Bath J^ako and tho Devil's Xitshau continue nor . ■ 
?he lar,* sound at 

'.» gusli cone is ehoviig in- 

-eod activity. Barros/Gaxsje 2erra*» la a trifle 
native than last iposilk ssul aU ujs as 

II. Ulnorra Zebras* is entirely 
0x7 ond • color it acquired a smith o#o # 

Hound ?orr.^s is lnor tsing In activity oad tho color 
is Tory fine* Palette spring is alaost dead. 
Cleopatra Soiraoo 1 

b than laot 
hut thero is no indiati a that tho iaprevenent is 

•f Butte, 'Montana, called on 
May 12th, on nasi .oss relating to tho tarnishing of 
frosh *eat to tho various interests in tho pars dariisjr 

- 19 - 

IfcB Mm KtlNN I ll HM i fs Mil BMlMMB 

1>W|iaiC . 
Oo«poa» NWMT, th# loc Ll 

aiBti m •• i LtaMo alt* fcf u»a« BOttBattei 

:4r. , v -o Powall, -cMlcity ttuoa*or, 
Uai >n Paalflu lii^ Oowj)i«jf , ▼! tlto* the par* <m 

pat* Barff* the month, wr nn aay mr pomtta 

flu rthi mi s of 

*• * wi was »■:•}«! In tfaa J oPt 

Both moml*,- v^) 
riaoa *ero hold in the cht^a om iiv eth f 
BB Hay JttriU T>.o«o aorrteot wo o ea^MM %pr *•* 

*»y f nader t»a 
4lr#0tl>a of tha Blah 

At *t*ta« tmmtmtOft * **• ju * of **• p*** 

from mcion, v. 2*tb, antll the »o -n<n; of Jtmo lot* 

>.tum t 
doaarttod tlmhire. Although I wetit to Danror an 
Wi&mm pjptoarll/ connoted via tha o->or*tio* of the 

xy ibtttaU Motional .->arlc. am route to i»* fire* that 
el* I fe*4 aa ■ F f aite treaeaet wull#nUe 

>u*iao a of laortanoo to Yellavetaaa Par** 

Xa Bill Mrs* I n»t Mr. In **t 

lovttoae Wmm Botel Oaaaaagr Ml too YtUw- 
otuae ?arX ?ran»port iticn Co»o»ny t aalhilu 

to tioorss ?1: ?» tr.At 

Loo eemteaplane ha 11*1** U the oar*. 

I also ha* a ehaaae, |i the /unl.lo j,lto>ary »* 
Bill affs, to look error the aaejaaJoee aat 

t»o aoatke and road a number of articles relating to 
Yello otone rrt, aoa particularly tn the lrrlf* 
orojoeto* 4>ot tepertoat of thee* artielce joi ono by 
iJary E«Wrts Hineiiart, U who 1*41 ce* Boo* Journal, for 
my. oatlt:.** "*be Bafraili Mm • 

In Dearer I oonforred with a naraber of rail- 
road »jon regard in;; VtUoVOta • eBBMee IMBJB t5.u;^ MB 

. aaaiagor, a aengor '£*»£ fie janagor of 
the Uai^a aoifio. hlle in Dearer, I «1m 
eeaf erred wiu the .. 
flwepoaj regarding otool slgae for the park* 

In Cheyenne, on ^ 20th f I epent 
several hww with a tat* o.:?ioials © 
I visited awtwttr Carey and talked #lth hi* 
a b oat the proposed extension af the park aad 
•bout the proposed dedicatory tour of tho iitf. 

Ivor a gya a aoh road* X o oaf or rod with Coaaieaieaar 
of teaigratlon Hill rogardlag publicity for the 
park mad the dlreetloa of travel to aad froa yealie*, 
gateways* I also saw Mr* %re itoweil, the £oa rai 
./abl lolly <eat for the Union -aelfle Railroad* I 
▼ I itod t»© off loon of the C hey ©me newspapers aad 
wrote • tor is for then ragardisg tao condition of 
road* la and leading to the park* 

On the traia oood»; up to Cody f roa 
Cheyenne oa .lay 29ta 9 I eoaforred wlta -tate 
ardan Jedklns aad with tao new United : tatos 
Jr* Patton, also with State oaafcor I*e 9 a banker of 
Casper aad Zheraapolls* 

la Cody* oa Hay JOth, tao Cody Club 
toadorod m a timer at tho hotel, wfcleh wee attendet 
ay aboat 40 paepla* I fooad that tho In* liotol has 
b oa teeroi^hly overhauled aad roaoratod during tho 
poat winter* It lo ao oloaa aad aa f lao a hotel of 
ito sloe aa ouidd bo fou d In tho west* i?hlo wort baa 
b oa dona un&er tho drootioa of Ur* J* Dayer, who Is 

tha hotel for lira* Cody* ?ho rooms hare all 
eleaaed aad aaay of the* have boaa ropaparad* 
leash now faraitara haa boom preeured, and tho bedding 
lo la easellent condition, en*** of twenty torn* 

whioh ;-«• built lea* yea* haa aloo boaa overhaul od aad 
fetprovod la aaay waya. She dial*? roa a aerviee lo la 
ahaflgo of a aaa named ote» *n*rewe* who haa had nay 
yaara aapcrioaco ao a oh. f. 2he food lo excellent and 
wall served, i^riaaa aro too reasonable aad will have 
to be increased a littio taring the tourist ooaaoa or 
«• Andrews will aot bo ablo to -*alce a fiaaaoial euo- 
ee s of hie venture* Mm lobby haa boaa t**rou#hly 
renovated, tao floors polished, aad tha pictures re- 
ton** zmm of the boot of Coloaal Cody** painting* 
hung lu tho lobby. 2ho daaaa hall haa ' 

gsastlj . 

I would sag-set that tha Service wrlta a 
letter of oesjseadatlop It will bo 

appreciated © < *i 11 bo a groat 

- SI - 

of the BurX!* toa iumfco, mot «o at Cody aad ««*• a 
tour of laapoc. ,,**& t^ad with 

*•• X havo already reportod on oar laxp< ' tho 

fcox oa^/oa of tho -Kushoao and adrisod yo o- 

gavdlag flat ooaditioa of tho Caayoa, tamoats, oto* 

lir. akoXoy and X ipoat tho nfefetf of *y 
31ot at Kola Lod#o, ami tho aoxt worala* vlaitod 
P a h a ika , tho rosort at ^ich pooplo oatorias aad 
leaving «*• por»c Tia tho oaatorzi gatoway tako thoir 
laaohos. X foaad that *aa#er of tho 

Bahaafea, ho greatly iaprovod that roaort ay tho 
additloa of a Tmlldlag 1th lodglag aoo&modatloaa 
for from 150 t > 2 pooplo, an> oaa oorvo X 9 000 
pooplo por fatal la his inix*r rooau His ratos aro 
aa £ U B* 

2#O0 per day for siaglo rr>o», 
loM sMft« 

2ho *> ia aa otaomoua dialag ram aud a very largo 
kitofcam oa tho ground, floor, and oSghtoora hodrootao 

floor* ;4uay othar Jbaprovc*;* ata of etlaar 
mom nadsj at x'ahaaka, hat X asa ac 
to oay that la ah I >p lag la material for thooo I^rovo- 
moats, >• /Ha* 9 tr«k* da^od emr part of tho Cody 
road to rath aa oxtaat that it will tafco hotvoa: 
aad «45,000 to rooto o tho rood to it a fomor ooa&lttoa* 

gtftlfi tf WAgf Jastiw -4,ttf» *!*¥» ** *■* 
Headquarters aad at aXX oatraaoos woro carried at half 
aaat from tho titao of tho reoolat of yoar teXagraa on 
Hey 20th, to £tey ax at, in honor of Gfcief Justice White* 

gimtarit oopy aOaw He. a, issued 

May 1, 1911, relative to atriot eeoaosjy ia handling 
(tarera-.eut eusiaesef and Circular Ho* 3, relating to 
fl solas aad which was aamtioacd heretofo *o ia this re- 
port* aro analysed herewith. 

there la oaalostod a report, on 
olaak form, of rereads duo, collected, 
during tho aaath of l-ja;, i 1 aaot 

v24?*&4, aa shoea ay this report, ia dei 

- zz - 

Postal Ifioaoy roar, He. 4o3«0 t ftato* ::^ fi» 1921. 
o>sw* oy too PMtafUr at Ytllowotoaa Paurtc, yo. f 
•A tho .'-jHtnaster at Asfc5n£ton, D»C 9 to ^ow 
0*do*, * J 1 # T4 

Ohook So. lt*4, dato* mg 10, lttl, Aram to yoar 

V tho Yell a etoi: raaaportatloa 
9 on tho national B&nfc of !ontaaa, Holom, 
, .... 

Bo* OS*, OatoA Hoy 15* M, Aram to yow 

V tho Yo)lo. stoao Park Cmpo Coapojy oa 
:*o fchwt**t n Haw— 1 lomk >v .,.-.<, 


oeolpt of the oaoloooA nonoy is 

Cordially ;.mri, 


Sbo Dirootor, 
Hatioaal ?*rfc Jorvloo 9 

Payor tioont of tho 1 
aofclqrtoa, £• . 

June 1, 1921, 


To; Chester A. Lindsley, Assistant Superintendent. 

Prom; M. P. Skinner, Park Naturalist. 

Botanical: Flowers first seen blooming: Clover and Pasque 
flowers on the 4th; Shooting Stars on theQth- 
Larkspur on the 11th; Barberry on the 12th; 
Blue Violets on the 14th; Drawf Sunflower on 
the 17th; Gooseberry blossoms on the l8t3v 
Chickweed, Spring Beauty, Fringed Gentian! 
and Yellow Bells on the 19th; Puccoon and 
Rock Rose on the 21st; Lungworth and Straw- 
berries on the 22d; Avens on the 25th; Ca- 
lypso orchid on the 26th; Clematis and Fleabane 
on the 27th. 

Leaves started to grow on deciduous trees: 
fillowB near Kammoth on the 5th; Aspen near 
Gardiner on the 12th and at 650O feet eleva- 
tion on the 24th; Birch, Alder, and Cotton- 
wood along Gardiner River on the l8th. 

Rotable botanical features were the early 
blooming of most flowers and the rapid growth 
induced by copious rains. Pasque flowers 
and Yellow Violets were far more numerous 
than usual. 


Migratory birds were first seen: Tree Swallow 
on the 2d; Swainson Hawk, Brewer Blackbird, 
Vesper Sparrow, end Audubon Warbler on the 
3rd; Coot, Marsh Hawk, and White-crowned 
Sparrow on the 4th; Lewis Woodpecker and 
Kingbird on the 14th; Spotted Sandpiper on 
the 19th; Chipping Sparrow and Audubon Hermit 
Thrush on the 20th; Western Flycatcher and 
Catbird on the 24th; Trumpeter Swan, Mourning 
Dove, Ye How- headed Blackbird, Savannah 
Sparrow, and Pipit on the 29th; Wright Ply- 
catcher, Pale Goldfinch, Bank Swallow, and 
Yellow Warbler on the 31st. 

The month was notable for the earliest 
arrival ever recorded of Audubon Warbler, 
Catbird, and Goldfinch; for the large number 

of Bluebirds {G0% higher than any other May 
record), Audubon warblers {A0% higher), and 
Grows (220^ higher), seen; for the wide 
distribution of Catbirds, previously noted 
only along the Gardiner River; for the occur- 
rence of Trumpeter Swan, Lewis Woodpecker, 
and Pale Goldfinch, all three of which are 
very rare in Yellowstone Park. 

Mammals: The buck Mule Deer that shed his horns on 

Jan IJth now has new horns fifteen inches 
long whereas the buck that shed March 25th 
has horns six inches long; the average amongst 
all the other Mule Deer is now ten inches 
with the second fork indicated, Mule Deer 
began showing summer pelage on the 17th. 
The first fawn was seen on the 15th. 

A few Ilk remained about the plaza at 
Mammoth throughout the month but aside from 
these, elk have left the vicinity. Hew 
horns are one third grown. Elk began showing 
suiraner pelage on the 11th. The first calf 
was seen on the 28th. 

19 Mountain Sheep were seen on the 4th 
along the rim of the Gardiner River Canyon, 
this being rfcteK a larger number than seen there 
during the winter just past. 

Jack Rabbits were all changed to the summer 
color by the 10th. 

Other: Peepers (hylas) were heard on the 4th. 

Frogs v/ere seen for the first time near 
Mammoth on the l8th. 

Mosquitoes appeared on the J>th and became 
numerous about three weeks later. 

Based on the above data, the season is 
now normal. 

Ju " e '■ 1921 - f *►*)?*, 


To: Chester A. Lindsley, Asst. Supt. 
From: M.P. Skinner, Park Naturalist. 

A total of 66" visitors visited the Information 
Office during the month of Hay. 

201 Yellowstone Park publications were given 
out free of charge, also 38 publications dealing with 
other National Parks. 1 "for sale" publication 
was sold. 21 short letters in answer to simple 
inquiries were sent out; 9 more letters requiring 
longer, more te clinical replies were answered after 
spending the necessary tine in searching out the 
information desired. 





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June 1, 1921 • 



Chester *. Lindsley, Acting superintendent, 

From: U. P. 

Par"' Naturalist tinner continued management of the 
Information Service as required to fulfil ants of inquir- 

ers. One trip ecimens 3f weaves 

and associated fossils collected for the museum. In addition 

thereto a large arount of valuable lata ;a3 collected, not only 
on these eight iays bi I roug tout »f the month. Notes 

-vere written up, ed ' «* P not °Sr 

illustrations -ere reviously written. 

.■:/o inspections or various sections of forests were made for 
diseased tree insects. S .ecial SS&k of forestry and plants 
were continued. A small amount of work :as done indexing ooks 
in the library. Other studies lted ln hl * 

notes on Si asonal Changes and Natural Phenomena, as embodied m 
this report. 

In addition to the above some special work was done 
by order of the Par:: Superintendent. 


., 1921. 

Brief Outline of Work accomplished during the month of 

— , , •,/ .- V tho _ 


T I L K . L-l i 


t — 

I - 

-? <*£-; 




f £*-*i 

Fill out briefly and return to Ifin Llnclsloy before the 
5th of the following month. Data needed for monthly report. 





June 1, 1921. 

iq?o::t o:t uaOTRAI ri. 

To: Chester A. Lindsley, Acting Sun er in ten dent. 

From: M. P. Skinner, Park Naturalist. 

At lismmoth Hot Springs: Blue Spring (the spring that 

furnishes water to Jupiter Terrace) is still increasing slightly 
in activity, while the spring to the south remains the same as 
last month. The color on Jupiter Terrace is still improving and 
extending further to the south. Mar le .errace is becoming in- 
conspicuous, .Vhile Angel -errace is not as active as it was last 
month, it is just as beautiful, if not more so. The tfhite Ele- 
phant is pretty much the same as last month, nuite active and 
highly colored. Bath Lake and the Devil' hen continue nor- 

mal. The large mound at Orange Spring is the same as last month, 
"but the small cone at the side Is showing increased activity. 
Narrow errace is a trifle more active than last month mid 

about the same as per report of April 1, 1921. Minerva Jerrace 
is entirely dry an J has lost the color it acquired a month ago. 
Mound Terrace is increasing in activity and the color is very fine. 
Palette Spring is almost dead. Cleopatra Terrace continues the 
same as last month. Hy-en terrace is slightly more active than 
last month but there is no indication that the improvement is per- 

Address correspondence to 
"Official in Charge" 



Yello.ston i r, T 7: r o . 

iAJHEfi COlIDIIIOilS-- . A O^H £02 3?.. I 
M A Y , 1921. 

mperature : 


low fall ; 



Monthly mean, 44 .6 , is 2.8 below normal. 
7ith the exception of the first 6 days, the temperature 
was consistently below normal. There were 11 days 
with temperature slightly below freezing, 26° being 
the lowest. 

Total, 4.48 inches, is 2.57 inches above normal. 
This total is not only "lie greatest amount of precip- 
itation for May, but is also t) e greatest monthly total 
for any month during the past 10 years. The first 
five days were generally fair, but the remainder of 
the month was characterized by cloudy and unsettled 
weather with almost daily precipitation. On the 
27-28th, 1.55 inches fell in 24 hours, which is the 
greatest 24-hour precipitation for any month since 
Octooer, 1908, when 2.54 inches occurred in a 24-hour 
period . 

Total, 11.3 inches, has been exceeded twice in 
May, but the fact that the entire amount fell in one 
storm, and in practically a 24-hour period, renders it 
unprecedented for all months except February and October. 
A greater 24-hour snowfall has occurred but twice 
during the period of record, namely, 14.0 inches in 
October, 1919, and 13.1 inches in February, 1908. 
The greatest depth of snow on the ground during the 
storm was 10.8 inches at noon of the 28th. However, 
the snow melted rapidly and at 6 p.m. of the 29th but 
1.0 inch remained on the ground. 

The wind movement was unusually light, the max- 
imum velocity being 28 miles per hour from the south- 
west on the 21st. 

Percentage of possible, 45, is somewhat below 

'. H. Fletcher, 

uae 2, 1921. 

: - 


_ , 1921. 

Brief Outline of Work: accomplished during the month of 
t»y the Division, 

SMITH SHOP ; 22 horses were shod for the rangers, buffalo farm, 
fead camps/ headquarter barn, and .he hay ranch. 540 bolts, 1080 
s, and 540 nuts sexx were made for the Lamar River Bridge, and 
•e'work was done for the plumber and on plows, wagons, rock cruhher, 
l and passenger cars. 

ITER SHOP : Tearing ou'c and putting in new floor, and preparing 
>ment range base in Mess House. 13uilding forms at reservoir, repair- 
screens, making new doors for garage, qnd getting out timbers for 
imar River bridge. 

i ; Repaired and worked on the following cars: 2 Signal 

j, Studebaker 1-ton truck, Heo d-ton truck, White 5- ton truck, 
lationel 2-ton truck, 2 Mac]: ifeoc 5-»Wton truck, Dodge touring 
ifhite 7 passenger touring car, White 5 Passenger touring car, 
f-ton truck, and the Doctor's and Park Naturalist's care. Also 
> shop repairs needed and >hey aljo issued gasoline and oil as 
L by the various trucks and cars. 

Fill out briefly and return to Ilr. Lindslcy before the 
5th of the following month. Data needed for monthly report. 

- - --- • - 





June 3, 1921* 

Superintendent Horace IL Albright, 
Yellowstone National Parle, 
Yellowstone Park, T7yo. 

Dear Mr, Albrlghtt- 

I respectfully submit to you for your 
approTal my monthly report of the activities of 
the Ranger Service for the month of May, 1921. 
Eiis report includes the changes of regulations, 
final selection of temporary rangers, general 
improvements, and business aff fairs handled thru 
the Chief Ranger* s Office. 

My report is as follows* 
General Conditions . 


As we have had no men stationed at the 
following stations, it will be necessary to de- 
tail men to these stations in the near future 
to have the grounds and station in condition for 
the opening of the season* 

Madison Junction, West Yellowstone, 
Fountain, Upper Basin, 

Thumb, Canyon. 

I expect to have all changes of our permanent 
force with reference to station detail, com- 
pleted before June 10th, Only tentative plans 
have been made. 


General Conditions * 


Following your Instructions, perman- 
ent rangers have been instructed to clean aut 
all trails in their districts, and to repair 
snow-shoe cabins when needed* die trails in the 
Northern, North Eastern, and Western districts, 
are in fair condition at this time. AssH* Chief 
Ranger Douglas^_Southern and Eastern district, 
has had his mm^f cleaning out many of the old 
trails that hare been out of use for many years* 
0!he work in this district will take considerable time 
and in several Instances, trail crews will be 
necessary to put the trails in shape for use this 
season and fall* 

Ro ads 4 

I regret that the pat ro ling of the 
main loop roads has not been as extensive as it 
should have been* ©ie roads as a whole are in 
better condition than I have ever seen them in 
the many years that I have been connected with + 
the park* Heavy trucking and tourist travel as 
well, has been restricted almost entirely to a 
case of necessity* 

Many wash-outs, slides and obstructions 
have been taken care of thru the Ranger Service 
whenever possible* 


All cabins in the interior of the park 
will be locked up for the summer* I have received 
two dozen padlocks for this purpose with a univer- 
sal key* Rangers in charge of each district will 
be ehld responsible for the government property 

in all of the cabins in their district. °5 late 
years tneae caolns nave been used by trail crews 

and horse-back tourists without permission, con- 
sequently, we have lost many supplies. Persons 
forcing entrance to the cabins will bo taken into 
custody on a charge of molesting government prop- 
erty and buildings. 

" • 




Fish Lake Cabin* 

We haTe completed the ereotion of a 
new oabln at Pish Lake upon the requeet of ICr* 
W.K. ©lompson, of Boieman, Mont*, who desired 
our oo-operation with the United States Bureau 
of Fisheries in establishing a hatohery at this 
lake for propagation of fish in waters in and 
out of the park* Mr. Thompson is to be responsible 
for all liabilities connected with the work, 
whloh was conduct* wzl&r the direction of First 
Assistant Chief Ranger Harry Trischaan* He was 
assisted by Park Rangers, Burkett, h. Anderson, 
Winn and Dewing* 

Thru later correspondence rrlth Mr. 
ion, I understand the Bureau has decided 
to construct a permanent and larger hatohery 
at Fish Lake* Tbe building we hare practically 
oomplete* for them Measures, IV X E4 V , inside 
Measure, 6'8" walls, two 62" X 33" windows, one 
33* X 33" window, one foot allowance for the 
earee and a six foot extension roof orer the 
front of the oabin, facing the oreek, to be used 
as a porch* 


I here issued orders to ass 9 t* Chief 
sr S.T. Jooyen to superrise the clearing 
of a trail between Artist Point, along the rim 
of the Grand Canyon to a point opposite Inspi 
tion Point* These orders hare been issued foll- 
owing your oonrersatlon with Or* Howard 'aye, in 
whloh the construction of this trail was suggested* 

I h nre had Mr* Sooysn go orer this pro- 
posed ground to the Silrer Cord and he reports 
that the trail can be built will little trouble* 
The trail will follow the brisi of the 3rand Canyon 
orer the entire distance between Artist Point end 
3ilwer Oord* so grading will be necessary* 

General Conditiona l 


Lake Cellar* 

Rangers Bicknell and Davis have completed 
digging a new root cellar at the Lake Station* 
The cellar was built upon orders of Ass't* Chief Rajger 
Douglas* It is eight feet deep, six feet wide, and 
eight feet long, covered with and decked with eight 
inch logs* About six feet of dirt covers the cellar 
and a tunnel about five feet long leads into it* 


Snake River Pence* 

Rangers Karl Bowman and William Purdue, 
have completed building a fence around a grassy 
area at the Snake River Station whioh is to be 
used as a pasture* The fence encloses an area 
of about 31 acres* 

Snow Work* 

Orders were issued to Ranger James H* 
Dupuls, Tower Falls Station to direct and co- 
operate with Frank Lind, operator of the Cooke 
City Stage line, in the clear ing of snow in the 
Devil's Gut* It was necessary to use powder in 
a stretch of about 500 yards. Bie work consumed 
about ten days* 

Ranger Rob^ R* Wisdom, Sylvan Pass 
station has been co-operating with Foreman White 
in breaking up the anow in Sylvan Pass* Powder 
was used to crack the sncw, whioh was reported 
to be about 25 feet deep at itsgreatest depth* 


Co-operating izith Chief Engineer Burney 
in the washout on the Tower Falls road between the 
15 and 16 miles posts, I instructed Ranger James 
Dupuis to take charge of the repair work* 

General Conditions . 

Improvements * 

Washouts. (Conf*) 

This washout was caused by a congestion in 
a culvert, caused partly by the breaking of the 
log stringers supporting the bridge* New logs 
and docking have made it temporarily ready for 
travel* Rvo men and a team was sent out by the 
Engineering Department , taking three days to 
the work. 

Two sections of £he „road on the Madison 
Elver was under water S»29th. Hanger Ford 
Purdyturned the water with temporary dams and 
filled in the sections of the road washed out* 

We received a report of ^jpashoxLt in 
the Gibbon Canyon Sunday morning, £BER^29th, 
from C*A. Hamilton of the UJpper Geyser Basin. 
who said about a mile and a half of the main 
loop road was under water * Chief Engineer Burney 
was notified and with the assistance of Park 
Hanger W.M. Bishop and two laborers, temporary 
dams were thrown along the road and all obstruc- 
tions removed from the river* Bie water damaged 
the road to the extent of approximately §350* 


Many slides of rook, dirt and trees have 
been reported during the month. With the except- 
ions of a few instances, the rangers have been 
able to handle the situations themselves* The 
slide causing the most trouble was on the Gard- 
iner-Mammoth road on the ni^it of the 28th, when 
many ton of rock slid into the road, with sev- 
eral bowlders, weighing more than a ton, which 
temporarily blocked the road* 

Telephone System* 

The telephone lines over the entire park 
have been repaired throughout the winter by the 
men in the interior of the park, but the condi- 
tion at this time is serious and will need the 

attention of regular linemen* 


Petroling . 

Hunting Patrols* 

Bear hunters hare been working along the 
north park line throughout the month f fourmof 
whioh have been auooeaaful in their hunt. Three 
of these were killed in the Hellroarlng dis- 
trict and four in the Crevioe district. Patrols 
were made during the month in the interests of 
tlie park* So depradations were found. 

Pishing Patrols* 

It was necessary to detail a nan to patrol 
the Gardiner and Yellowstone Rirere during the 
first of the month. Reports were received that 
local residents were exceeding the limits in 
these rirers. 


All men hare been instructed to patrol the 
roads for the purpose of clearing log Jams and to 
turn the high water off of the road where riTers» 
creeks, and springs are washing it out. 


Aaa't* Chief Ranger Douglas made a special 
trip to the Beohler Station with instructions for 
Little regarding fishing regulations and with 
instructions to Oottrell to report at Mammoth, 
where he is to be transferred to the Engineer 
Department. He will be re-instated next fall* 

Fenme Patrol. 

Rangers Lawson, Lars en and Dewing were ordered 
to the Black Tail range to ride the fence around 
the pasture for gOTernment horses. These men were 
employed in this work three days. 

The horses of all rangers and those owned 
by the National Park Service will be transferred 
from the Yanoy range to the Black Tail. 





Regal at Ion Changes. 


Bechler Hirer* 

Tour orders of May 16 f 1921 9 opened the 
fishing in the Bechler Histriot, namely, in 
Palls Rirer f up to the gorge; in Boundary, 
Mountain Ash, and Proposition Greeks, and the 
Bechler Hirer; not to extend farther east or 
north than the Marysrille road* ©*>«> fishing in 
this diet riot has been olosed during the lant 
year* ttie limited area of fishing was based on 
the fact that the upper regions of the streams 
were recently stocked with small fry* 

Fish Lake. 

The large number of trout spawning in Fish 
Lake between May and July made it necessary to 
prohibit fishing in the lake. Hie suggestion was 
made an acted upon by you May 20, 1921* 

Personnel Changes . 

Appointments • 

She following named men hare been appointed 
for work in this department, their appointments tak- 
ing effect during the monthi 

Mr* Edward Burkett, permanent park ranger at 
$100 per month, plus increased compensation and 
quarters; effeotire May 10, 1921. 

Mr. John N. McDonald, assistant buffalo keeper, 
at $100 per month, plus increasedeompensation, 
and quarters* at Buffalo Farm* 

Mr. Ira D. Fleming, assistcnt buffalo keeper, 
at #100 per month, plus increased compensation, 
and quaretrs, at Slough Creek Ranch. 

Upper Yellowstone* 

Hangers Daris and Russell, Upper Yellowstone 
Station, abondened their district May 15th on 
account of the high water* No men in district now* 


List of 1921 Hangars* 

The men listed below will comprise the per* 
raanent ranger force during tha summer* 

1. James McBride. 

2. Harry !Prischman, 
3* Joseph 0. Douglas, 
4* Eivend 2. Scoyen* 
5* Peter Lawson, 

6* George Winn, 

7* Raymond G* Little, 

8. Wendell H» Bishop* 

9* Roby Roy Wisdom, 

10* Sam T. Woodring, 

11* James H« Dupuis, 

12* Roy T. Frazler, 

13. Albert L. McLaughlin, 

14* Calvin 0* Davis* 

15* Clifford Anderson, 

16* William II. Purdue, 

17* Edward Burlcett, 

18* Ford Purdy, 

19* dad C. Pound, 

20* Luther Custer, 

21* Hans Laraen, 

22* Court B. Dewing, 

23* Sari S. Bowman, 

W. A. B. 

24* Eamet S. Matthew, 

25* Hollls H. Matthew, 

26* William H. Harrison, 

27* Elmous M. Meade, 

Re-Appointments • 

2d* Wm* C. Troutman, 

29* Sam Hurless , 

30* Russell Sprtnfcel, 

31* Leon D. Mink, 

32* Vernon S. Downs, 

33* Wendell 3. Keate, 

34* Frank J. Parson, 

35* Ray S. Teesdale, 

36* Sagene V. Robertson, 

37* Frank H. Knight. 

©le above mentioned men will report for duty on 

or about June 15th, 1921, according to instructions 

sent out Hay 5, 1921. 


Personnel* (Cont f 

1921 (Temporary Rangers* 

She following named men have been or will 
be appointed temporary rangers and will report 
for duty at the Chief Banger's Office on, or 
about, June 15th f 1921 • 

38* Gordon Cottier, 

38. F.L. Oirter, ? 

40. Eaw. B. Cogswell, 

41 • Carrol P| Donohoe, 

42. Fred C. Finch, 

43. Cyril C. Moore, 

44. Paul ft. Wylie, 

45. Marguerite Lindsley,*^ 
46* E.P. Buokenmyer, 

47* Robert J. Potter, 

48. Frank. H. Schramm, 

49, James S# Baker, 
50 • Roger D. Baker, 
51* John T. Noadham, 
52 • Warren H. L oyster, 

53. Clarence E. King, 

54. Harold 3. Pamnel, 

55. Pierce A. Cumings, 

56. Florian J. Ubel, 

57. Samuel A. Kaplan, 

58. G.S. Ferguson, 

59. Hary A* Rolfe, 

60. Kenneth V7. Krippene, 

61. Milton H» Lichtenwallner, 

62. Chester L. Butler, 
63.- Belnap C. Hawkes, 

64. lSlmer P. Little, 

65. Uilllam Mondell, 1 >o .-■ t J&t+vjH 

66. Hugh d. Cramer, \ ^^^ ***** 

67. Robert Armstrong f - 

fith Henry Anderson off of the permanefc force 
for the summer, this leaves us two short of a 
complete active force and one short, according 
to our regulation. 


Personnel « (Cent • • ) 

Hangers on Leave* 

The following named rangers were granted 
leave of absenoe during the month: 

Sam & TCoodring, 5/5 to 5/l7. 

A.L. LIoLaughlin, 5/l6 N. to 5/l9 N. 

A.L. BtoLaughlin, 5^24 H. to 5/27 N* 

Unemployed Rangers. 

Ihie to circumstances which make it necesaary 
for the ranger department to drop some of its 
permanent force to co-operate with other depart- 
ments, we will not haHe the services of the foll- 
owing named men: 

Park Ringer Lea Cottrell, transferred to 
the Engineer Department for work on the roads* 
Will "be dropped June2, 1921* To be taken up 9/10/21, 

Park Ranger Henry Anderson, will be placed 
in charge of the department pack trains during 
the surroer and will also have charge of clean- 
ing up auto camps. He will remain with the de- 
partment but will not perform the duties of a 
ranger until the latter part of September* 

Park Ranger Albert T. Bicknell will be 
dropped by this department June 13th to permit 
him to manage the Yellowstone Park Boat Co., at 
Yellowstone Lake. Bicknell has had charge of 
this work for several years and is returning to 
it to render better service to the interest of 
the park and upon the request of the company and 
yourself. He will be taken up by this department 
again September 18, 1921. His services on the 
active force terminatoc! June 2, 1921. 


Travel on the park roads during the month 
was unusually heavy considering season conditions 
b4th in and outside of the park. 

The travel report by entrance follows % 


Travel. (Cont. f ) 










Cooke Stage, 





154 People. 

During the same month of the year 1920, 
the recors show that 25 people entered the par* 
as visiters, while the statistics show abovo, 

includes nothing but automobile and stage park 
visitors. '3iis is an Increase of 129 over the 
year 1920 for tha same month. 


Trucking and Freighting. 

On account of heavy snows and rains, we 
have held the park roads closed to all trucks 
while the roada v/ere in a soft condition. The 
greatest dingle length of suspention of traffic 
was from Saturday morning. May 28, until Tues- 
day morning. May 31. 

Tie first loaded trucks to be permitted 
out in the park was on Tuesday, May 31, when 
two trucks, with light loads loft for the Upper 
Geyser Basin wit -ies for the Hotel Co., 

and for Mr. C.A. Hamilton. A truck o^ned by 
the Yellowstone Park C«nps Co., was sentoto 
Tower Falls with supplies, May 26. 


Head Conditions for Travel. 

According to information obtained from 
men who have been in the Yellowstone Park for 
a number of years, the roads are in better 
oondition at this time than they have ever 
seen them. Every effortbis being made to protect 
them for the summar, our co-operation in this 
matter, being more extensive than ever before 
in the history of the Banger Service, but at 
the same time f plans are already being made to 
make this operation more extensive. 


Game Conditions. 

With practically all snow off of the mount- 
ains, I am pleased to report that the big game 
herds in the park have gone through the winter 
with leos than tho natural loss .to be expected. 
©ie long winter. Just closed, has been, by far, 
the most successful from a game standpoint than 
any other year in the histery of the park* 

Buffalo, Tama Herd. 

During tho early part of the month the old 
cows in the hard began to drop their calves • 
Due tc the fact that they are in exceedingly 
high flesh, the calves were not as strong as 
usual. At one time during the month, there were 
fifty-two new calves, but at th» end of the 
month this numuer was reduced to forty-six. 
Six oaroaases have been found along the Lamar 
river banks, the calves have attempted to cross 
the river during high water. They are now feed- 
ing back on Specimen Ridge, away from the river 
tanks « 

Fourtemn bulls of this herd will be brought 
to Mammoth for our show herd on June 18th. 
We expect to ship one bull to Sheridan, V/yo., 
and possibly another during the month of June. 

Buffalo, Y/ild herd. 

High water conditions made it impossible 
to get near this herd in the Cache creek dis- 
trict. They have been soon at a distance and 
reports, though unconfirmed, are to the effect 
that three calves are with the herd of twenty- 
three animals. 


rm weather brought out the bear in large 
numbers. Uhoy have oauaed considerable trouble 
at our ungarrisoned stations and at some of the 
resorts, but so far, no oases have been serious. 
Biey are not in the best of condition. 


Game Conditions. (Gonf.) 


Chase animals hare pulled thru the winter 
"better than was expected. Our reports during 
the entire winter show that only four of the 
"band in the northern district were killed or 
died of natural" oausss. They have left the 
northern district Soft the Lamar river and the 
Black Tail ranges* 


-ho first fawn deer of the Mil was seen 
by Ranger V.M. Bishop fcolow the wower plant 
at Mammoth on May 25th. He thougnt the animal 
must have been several flays old at that time. 
No losses during the month were reported. I 
have had no reports of Vhite Tall deer during 
the past two months. Apparently they have left 
the lower districts. 


Mo attempt was made this spring to count 
the elk herds in the parte, nor have we made 
any attempt to make sny kind of an estimate on 
the herds. Lney have 3t*od the strain of the 
winter beyond expectations and have had the 
advantage of being unmo" 1 estefl during their 
breeding season. 


A calf elk was seen/20 th near tho old saw- 
mill above the Manmoth Motel. This is the first 
one reported this season. The herd in the Buffalo 
Corral ha* been reduced to seventeen head. One 
of which is a two year old bull. 

Mountain Sheep. 

Herds of Mountain Sheep have been seen 
back in their favorite summer haunts. No reports 
have been received to indicate that they have 
suffered any losses during the winter. No lambs 
have heen seen this season. 




Ioe breaking up In Yellowstone Lake on 
Hay 21st and 22nd, threatend the Fishing Bridge 
for several days. As the result of our pre- 
cautions, no damage was done. V/hen the ioe broke 
up it mna twenty-six inches deep, four inches 
thicker than in 1916, the year considerable 
damage *as done as the result of ice jams. 


All records for snow-fall, in one storm 
was shattered May 27th and 28 th, when eleven 
and three tenths inches or snow fell at Mammoth. 
According to local we at)"- or lroreau statistics, \^- 

such a snow storm has never been recorded. 
Though the snow soon melted, the trees suffered 
to some extent and traffic on all roads was 
held up for three days. 

The storm did not reach the center of the 
park, reports indicating heavy rains. All rivers 
were b^.nk full and most sloughs under several 
inches of water. Nothing aerious developed. 

Accidents ♦ 

Ranger Henry Anderson was struck on the 
thigh by a rolling log at ?Ish Lake, during 
the construe tier? of the cabin, which resulted 
in a serious infection. The leg is causing 
considerable trouble. 

Cordially yours 

Chief Hanger.